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When they got really bad, the citizens had to make the dung-filled streets passable with wooden pathways. After the Hanse fell in the 16th century, Flensburg was said to be one of the most important trading towns in the Scandinavian area.
Even as far away as the Mediterranean, Greenland and the Caribbean, Flensburg merchants were active.
After Westerland on the island of Sylt it is Germany's northernmost town.
Flensburg lies at the innermost tip of the Flensburg Fjord, an inlet of the Baltic Sea.
Unlike Holstein, however, Schleswig did not belong to the German Holy Roman Empire.
Therefore, Flensburg was not a member of the Hanseatic League, but it did maintain contacts with this important trading network.
Flensburg's city centre lies about 7 km (4 mi) from the Danish border.
In 1284, its town rights were confirmed and the town quickly rose to become one of the most important in the Duchy of Schleswig.
, Low Saxon: Flensborg, North Frisian: Flansborj, South Jutlandic: Flensborre) is an independent town (kreisfreie Stadt) in the north of the German state of Schleswig-Holstein.
Flensburg is the centre of the region of Southern Schleswig.
Only in the 19th century, as a result of industrialization, was the town at last outdone by competition from nearby cities such as Copenhagen and Hamburg.
The rum blended in Flensburg then became a secondary industry in West Indian trade, and as of 1864 no longer with the Danish West Indies, but rather with Jamaica, then ruled by the British.